The Journal of Kharkov National University, Vol. 490,
Physical series "NUCLEI, PARTICLES, FIELDS", Issue 3 /11/, 2000

Title Page   (60-Kb PDF file)
 
ARTICLES 

 A.I. Akhiezer 

 Observation about results of leaving century physical science (Rus.)
 K.Ph. Ustimenkov, I.D. Fedorets, I.I. Zalubovsky, N.S. Lutsaj
 Pion production mechanism by 200 MeV protons on  7Li  (Ukr.)
 I. . Kirichenko
 Relativistic description electrodisintegration of a deuteron (Rus.)
11 
 A.V. Afanas'ev, V.D. Afanas'ev, V.I. Botsman, S.V.Trubnikov
 The magnetic radius of the deuteron (Rus.)
19 
 G.K. Khomyakov
 On the possibility of deterministic foundation of quantum mechanics (Rus.)
24 
 N.V. Bondarenko, N.F. Shul'ga
 Eikonal scattering of relativistic particleswith anomalous magnetic momentin external electrostatic field (Rus.)
27 
 V.Yu. Korda
 Hyperspherical phenomenological potential and model wavefunction of three-nucleon-nuclei
31 
 A.I. Kalinichenko, G.F. Popov
 Thermoacoustic dosimetry of pulsed electron and bremsstrahlung beams by thin targets
34 
 V.F. Klepikov
 Symmetries with infinite sets of parameters and the quantization in two dimensional systems (Rus.)
41 
  V.F. Aleksin , V.D. Khodusov
 Spectral density of fluctuations in gasdynamic with constant number of quasi-particles (Rus.)
45 
 D.I. Maslennikov, V.S. Mikhailenko, K.N. Stepanov
 Decay instability of the strong ion-ion hybrid wave (Rus.)
49 
 E.U. Wakim, V.S. Mikhailenko, K.N. Stepanov, D.V. Chibisov
 Turbulent scattering of particles in the axially symmetrical radially inhomogeneous rotating plasmas (Rus.)
53 
 V.A. Lisovskiy, S.D. Yakovin, V.D. Yegorenkov, V.I. Farenik
 Axial structure of low-pressure rf discharge in air (Rus.)
62 
 S.N. Styervoyedov, V.V. Tovstiak, Ya.V. Shashel
 The conception of center of the radioecological monitoring (Rus.)
65 
 E.A. Barannik, V.A. Volokhov, S.A. Girnyk, A.I. Marusenko, V.V. Tovstiak
 Method of measurement of slow flow speed of a liquid (Rus.)
75 
 S.I. Ivanov
 The acoustic noises from radiation-induced cavitation (Rus.)
80 
 S.N. Styervoyedov
 Experimental equipment for investigations of solid states acoustic emission under ions irradiation (Rus.)
83 
 V.P. Demutskii
 Stability of dynamical chaos in the case of periodical mapping (Rus.)
87 
 A.A. Asheko, V.G. Gordienko, E.A. Sharkov
 Dielectric properties of water electrolyte systems in centimeter band (Rus.)
90 
 N.M. Pelykhatiy, N.I. Kovalenko, A.K. Ghnap
 Magnetic resistors and hall sensors on the basis of complex semiconductors (Rus.)
97 


OBSERVATIONS ABOUT RESULTS OF LEAVING CENTURY PHYSICAL SCIENCE

 A.I. Akhiezer 


Abstract
The results of physical science development in XX century were summarized. The suppositions about perspectives of future century science development were suggested.
KEY WORDS: physics of future, development prognosis.
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PION PRODUCTION MECHANISM BY 200 MEV PROTONS ON 7Li

K.Ph. Ustimenkov, I.D. Fedorets, I.I. Zalubovsky, N.S. Lutsaj

Abstract
Within the two-nucleon pion production mechanism the angular distr≥butions of cross sections and analyzing powers are calculated for the ground and two first excited levels of the residual nucleus in the 7Li(p,p-)8B reaction at the proton energy “p = 200 MeV. With allowance for all first order diagrams a satisfactory correspondence between theory and experiment is obtained except for the level of the energy of 0.78 MeV in which case the one-nucleon mechanism witn the D++ isobare excitation is to be included. The dominating shell model configurations formed in the studied reaction are found.
KEY WORDS: cross sections, analysing powers, two-nucleon mechanism, pion, r-meson, D-isobare.
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RELATIVISTIC DESCRIPTION ELECTRODISINTEGRATION OF A DEUTERON

I. . Kirichenko

Abstract
On the bases of requirement of covariance and conservation total of electromagnetic nuclear current carry out the analyzes the processes of the electrodisintegration of deuteron to be discuss. Consequence from Lorenz covariance and nuclear current conservation are descried in calculation of the Af - asymmetry of (e,e'p) - cross sections on few-nucleon systems. The advantage of the method is exemplified by deuteron exclusive disintegration in the quasielastic region.
KEY WORDS: momentum distribution, factorization cross-sections, electrodisintegration, deuteron.
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THE MAGNETIC RADIUS OF THE DEUTERON

A.V. Afanas'ev, V.D. Afanas'ev, V.I. Botsman, S.V.Trubnikov

Abstract
The root-mean-square radius of distribution of a magnetic moment in a deuteron rMd for some realistic models of NN-interaction is calculated. For a Paris potential the significance rMd = 2.312 ± 0.010 Fm obtained. The dependence rMd on choice of a model NN - interaction, relativistic effects and meson exchange currents is investigated. The experimental magnitude is certain rMd also. The necessity of new point measurements of a magnetic form-factor of a deuteron for want of small is marked.
KEY WORDS: magnetic deuteron form factor, NN potential, magnetic radius, relativistic corrections.
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ON THE POSSIBILITY OF DETERMINISTIC FOUNDATION OF QUANTUM MECHANICS

G.K. Khomyakov

Abstract
The possibility of creation of the unified deterministic scheme of classical and quantum mechanics, allowing to preserve their achievements, is discussed. It is shown that the canonical system of ordinary differential equations of Hamilton's classical mechanics can be added with the vector system of ordinary differential equations for the variable of quantization. This system appears to be directly linked with the tensor system of basic equations in terms of partial derivatives the affine invariant (trek) of which coincides with the stationary Schredinger equation. The selection of classical trajectories corresponding to the stationary states is being done according to the analog of Bohr-Sommerfeld rule. The case of non-relativistic particle without spin is considered.
KEY WORDS: basic equations, quantization, trajectories, stationary states.
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EIKONAL SCATTERING OF RELATIVISTIC PARTICLESWITH ANOMALOUS MAGNETIC MOMENTIN EXTERNAL ELECTROSTATIC FIELD

N.V. Bondarenko, N.F. Shul'ga

Abstract
We consider scattering of relativistic particle, with account of its anomalous magnetic moment, in a finite range electric scattering field. The consideration is held within the eikonal approximation framework with retention in the exponent the spin operators, linear in anomalous and normal magnetic moments of the particle. The found expression for the scattering amplitude shows a contribution of the systems of anomalous and normal magnetic moments not reducible to a sum of their contributions. The problem of spin influence on the particle trajectory in the semi-classical limit is discussed.
KEY WORDS: anomalous magnetic moment, eikonal approximation, influence of the spin on trajectory.
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HYPERSPHERICAL PHENOMENOLOGICAL POTENTIAL AND MODEL WAVEFUNCTION OF THREE-NUCLEON-NUCLEI

V.Yu. Korda

Abstract
On the basis of the method of hyperspherical harmonics which allows to solve the three-body problem in quantum mechanics the hyperspherical phenomenological potential and model wavefunction of the three-nucleon ground-state relative motion are built to be permutationally invariant. Integrated cross-sections of some three-nucleon-nuclei-nuclei diffraction interaction processes are derived with the new wavefunction presented.
KEY WORDS: three-nucleon-nucleus, hyperspherical harmonics, diffraction theory, integrated cross sections.
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THERMOACOUSTIC DOSIMETRY OF PULSED ELECTRON AND BREMSSTRAHLUNG BEAMS BY THIN TARGETS

A.I. Kalinichenko, G.F. Popov

Abstract
The present paper is a review of efforts in thermoacoustic dosimetry of pulsed electron and bremsstrahlung beams. Equations of radiation acoustics joining the deposited energy distribution in a thin target to the stress wave amplitude are presented. These equations constitute the theoretic basis of the thermoacoustic dosimetry. Availability of acoustic gamma dosimetry is discussed. Principle of operation, construction and purpose of some active thermoacoustic dosimeters and comprising them systems, which developed and built in Kharkiv National University, are considered. Specific features of the method of thermoacoustic dosimetry are considered.
KEY WORDS: electrons, bremsstrahlung, pulsed beam, thin target, thermoacoustic response, dosimetry.
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SYMMETRIES WITH INFINITE SETS OF PARAMETERS AND THE QUANTIZATION IN TWO DIMENSIONAL SYSTEMS

V.F. Klepikov

Abstract
The role of hidden symmetries for 2d-systems is considered via the analysis of the problem of falling on an attractive center, the problem of fractional quantum Hall effect and its connection with the exactly solvable 2d-problems of statistical mechanics. The symmetry nature of exactly solvable equations in the theory of numbers and their relation to the Lie algebras are discussed.
KEY WORDS: hidden symmetry, conformal symmetry, infinite symmetry, particle scattering, quantum Hall effect.
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SPECTRAL DENSITY OF FLUCTUATIONS IN GASDYNAMIC WITH CONSTANT NUMBER OF QUASI-PARTICLES

 V.F. Aleksin , V.D. Khodusov

Abstract
Fluctuations of basic quantities describing the weakly nonideal quasi-particle gas with constant number of quasi-particle are considered. On the basis of the fluctuation-dissipation theorem, the spectral densities these fluctuations are found which can be expressed in terms the kinetic coefficients. In the range of the existents of the secondary waves in the quasi-particle gas, these spectral densities have the Lorenz form.
KEY WORDS: spectral density, fluctuations, quasi-particles, fluctuation-dissipate theorem, Lorenz form, secondary wave.
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DECAY INSTABILITY OF THE STRONG ION-ION HYBRID WAVE

D.I. Maslennikov, V.S. Mikhailenko, K.N. Stepanov

Abstract
Decay instability of strong ion-ion hybrid wave onto two ion-ion hybrid waves is considered in the case of strong pumping wave when the oscillatory velocity of particles in the pumping field may be commensurable with ion thermal velocities. Because the condition of the resonant decay is depends from the finite wave number of the pumping wave, the studies are based on the approach developed by authors, which permits the research of parametric instabilities in the case of the strong pumping with finite wave length. The excitation mechanism and growth rate of instability is derermined. The saturation level of the instability due to the frequency shift is estimated.
KEY WORDS: plasma,ion-ion hybrid wave, decay instability, growth rate, nonlinear frequency shift, saturation.
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TURBULENT SCATTERING OF PARTICLES IN THE AXIALLY SYMMETRICAL RADIALLY INHOMOGENEOUS ROTATING PLASMAS

E.U. Wakim, V.S. Mikhailenko, K.N. Stepanov, D.V. Chibisov

Abstract
The studies of the particles scattering due to their interactions with electric field of the electrostatic turbulence of the axially symmetrical plasma are carried out. Electric field is considered as the ensemble of the cylindrical waves with random phases. In the frame of the Hamilton equations the fluctuations and quasilinear variations of the radial and angle coordinates of the leading center and radial and angle coordinates of the particles position on the Larmor orbit are considered. The results obtained are applied to the analysis of the particles scattering by the random fields of drift, drift-cyclotron turbulence of the radially inhomogeneous plasma, and by the random fields of the ion cyclotron turbulence of plasma with axis encircling ions.
KEY WORDS: plasma, cylindrical waves, drift turbulence, drift-cyclotron turbulence, ion cyclotron turbulence, leading center coordinates.
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AXIAL STRUCTURE OF LOW-PRESSURE RF DISCHARGE IN AIR

V.A. Lisovskiy, S.D. Yakovin, V.D. Yegorenkov, V.I. Farenik

Abstract
The paper reports the results of probe measurements of internal parameters of rf capacitive gas discharge in low pressure air. The axial profiles of plasma density are shown to possess maxima in the vicinity of electrode sheaths not only in the high current regime of burning but in the low current one. One observes clearly expressed maxima on axial profiles of the electron temperature in the low current regime near the boundaries of electrode sheaths. In the high current regime the electron temperature is almost constant across the discharge gap.
KEY WORDS: RF capacitive discharge, low pressure.
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THE CONCEPTION OF CENTER OF THE RADIOECOLOGICAL MONITORING

S.N. Styervoyedov, V.V. Tovstiak, Ya.V. Shashel

Abstract
In the article the result of radioecological monitoring center conception elaboration was presented, and the architecture of this center and the structural and functional schemes of it's component parts were described. Also the detailed schemes of radiation situation distant control devices was included. The "Ecospectr" internet site, which concentrates the region radiation data and has a large amount of to world systems of radiation monitoring, was proposed.
KEY WORDS: radiation monitoring, radioecology, radiation background, distant monitoring.
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METHOD OF MEASUREMENT OF SLOW FLOW SPEED OF A LIQUID

E.A. Barannik, V.A. Volokhov, S.A. Girnyk, A.I. Marusenko, V.V. Tovstiak

Abstract
The ultrasonic Doppler method of measurement of slow flow speed of a liquid using auto correlation processing sampling consistently accepted echo signal from given measuring volume was developed. The speeds of flows with the volumetric charge 100 - 500 ml/min in a straight-line thin-walled pipe by a diameter of 12 mm were determined with accuracy not worse than 2%. Limiting sensitivity of definition of speed of a stationary flow of a liquid are less than 0.2 mm/s.
KEY WORDS: ultrasound, flow velocity, autocorrelation function.
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THE ACOUSTIC NOISES FROM RADIATION-INDUCED CAVITATION

S.I. Ivanov

Abstract
The energetic thereshold of cavitation falls down by gas microcavities, or fast thermoelastic stresses. This change is revealed with tension in ultrasonic waves of cylinder ferroelectric concentrator. The frequency dependences of the thereshold of cavitation was measured in distilat, artesian water and water with radionuclides Sr-90 and Cs-137, activity 10 Bk/l and 62 Bk/l. Thereshold of sensibility for fission radionuclides was calculated for radiation-induced cavitation method.
KEY WORDS: radiation acoustic, ionizing radiation, ultrasonic waves, cavitation.
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EXPERIMENTAL EQUIPMENT FOR INVESTIGATIONS OF SOLID STATES ACOUSTIC EMISSION UNDER IONS IRRADIATION

S.N. Styervoyedov

Abstract
Results of experimental equipment elaboration for investigations of acoustic emission under ions implantation into nonsemiconducting materials are described in the present paper. Intensity and amplitude distribution of acoustic emission signals dependence from implantaion dose are determined and possibility of new controlling devices for ions irradiation creation is shown.
KEY WORDS: acoustic emission, ion implantation, radiational defects, implantation dose, amplitude distribution of signals, total acoustic emission, intensity of acoustic emission.
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STABILITY OF DYNAMICAL CHAOS IN THE CASE OF PERIODICAL MAPPING

V.P. Demutskii

Abstract
The influence of periodicity of standard map onto stability of chaotic dynamical system was investigated. It was received the conditions of stability and it was shown that the new points of stability have arised.
KEY WORDS: chaos, standard map, stability.
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DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES OF WATER ELECTROLYTE SYSTEMS IN CENTIMETER BAND

A.A. Asheko, V.G. Gordienko, E.A. Sharkov

Abstract
The complex permittivity of distilled water, poly- and monoelectrolytes was measured within a systematic error of 0.7% in e' and 1.5% in e'' and an unbased error (95% confidence limit) of 0.5% in e' and 0.1% in e'' from 271 to 353 K at 9.5 GHz. It was found that both the permittivity and loss of the polyelectrolites exhibit a dependence on concentration with strong temperatures dependences.
KEY WORDS: dielectric spectroscopy, complex dielectric permittivity, water, electrolyte.
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MAGNETIC RESISTORS AND HALL SENSORS ON THE BASIS OF COMPLEX SEMICONDUCTORS

N.M. Pelykhatiy, N.I. Kovalenko, A.K. Ghnap

Abstract
The difficulties of applying of electron-beam technology for manufacturing sensors of a Hall of the difficult geometrical form are considered. The programming of motion of an electron beam should envision not only control of coordinate of moving, but also possible modulation on power.
KEY WORDS: sensors of a Hall conductive needles, electron beam, antimonide of indium, antimonide of a nickel, evtectica.
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